We appear to have a tale of two consumers. Consider these two headlines from the August 30 edition of the Financial Times:
“Luxury goods enjoy boom as mass-market stores suffer.”
“US consumers split into two camps”
It may seem somewhat counterintuitive, but there is actually a mild boom underway in luxury goods. This is particularly strange given that our current financial predicament started as a “rich man’s recession,” as it was concentrated in the financial sector.
“This bifurcation of the US consumer, “The Financial Times writes, “has become apparent across the spectrum, from restaurants and grocery stores to products such as coffee and beer.”
Even within high-end retail stores, it is the higher-end merchandise that is moving off the shelves faster. Tiffany & Co. (TIF), for example, reported in the company’s recent earnings release that sales of items priced less than $500 (cheap by Tiffany’s standards) were selling quite slowly, while sales of higher-priced merchandise remained brisk.
What’s going on here? High-end diamond rings shouldn’t be selling in a recession…or should they?
There are a couple explanations for this tale of two American consumers. The first is that the luxury sector got hit disproportionately hard in 2008 and 2009. Some of the buying we are seeing today is simply pent-up demand from prior years. Wealthier Americans also tend to have less of their net worth in their homes and more in financial and business assets. So, the continued downward grind in the American housing market has hurt them less than the average middle-class working man.
Interestingly, demographics also play a role here. The proximate cause of the recession in consumer spending was the financial crisis of 2008 and the fear it instilled in a shell-shocked population. But this does not completely explain the longevity of the pullback in spending. For this, demographic trends share some part of the blame. The average American reaches their peak age for consumer spending at around age 48, and the bulk of the Baby Boomer generation—the most powerful force in the history of American consumerism—is now past that age. Middle-class Boomers are busily repairing their balance sheets and saving for retirement. Americans with higher incomes and larger net worth, however, tend to peak in their spending years significantly later, in their mid-50s.
So, we have an interesting set of circumstances in which certain areas of luxury spending could continue to hold up relatively well even while overall consumer demand remains tepid in an “epidemic of thrift,” in the words of IHS Global Insight.
Of course, the real growth story in luxury goods is in emerging markets, as we have written in prior articles. For example, Diageo (DEO), the maker of Jonnie Walker scotch, Tanqueray gin, and Guinness beer among other brands, announced in August that sales in the emerging markets of Latin America, the Middle East and Africa grew by 13% while sales in the United States and Europe actually fell slightly (the exception being the ultra-premium brands such as Ketel One vodka, which saw sales grow, echoing Tiffany’s greater relative success on higher-end merchandise.)
Meanwhile, French luxury goods conglomerate LVMH Moet Hennessy Louis Vuitton recently announced plans to acquire the Hong Kong based luxury retailer Emperor Watch and Jewellery as part of its plans to continue its expansion into China.
Investors looking to profit from these trends have somewhat limited choices. There was a specialty niche ETF that targeted the luxury goods sector, the Claymore/Robb Report Global Luxury ETF (ROB), but the fund is being liquidated due to lack of investor interest. Instead, investors can put together a portfolio of some of the major luxury goods companies that trade on the U.S. exchanges. Some ideas to consider:
- Tiffany (TIF), the iconic American luxury jeweler.
- Diageo (DEO), the British maker of high-end spirits
- Luxottica (LUX), the Italian maker of high-end sunglasses such as Ray Ban.
- Coach(COH), the American maker of “affordable luxury” handbags for women
- Swatch Group (UHR), the Swiss watch and jewelry company
Disclosures: The author is long TIF and COH and formerly long ROB
This article first appeared on Benzinga.com as “A Tale of Two Consumers“
Charles Lewis Sizemore, CFA
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